ISSN 0536-1028 (Print)              ISSN 2686-9853 (Online)  
УДК 624.131.3 DOI: 10.21440/0536-1028-2020-7-83-91 Download

Introduction. The development of mineral deposits (MD) has a strong transformative effect on the
geological environment. Actively change all the components of engineering-geological conditions (EGC),
formed during the long geological time: the topography, structure of rocks, hydrogeological and permafrost
conditions, are formed by geological processes and, at the same time on the surface of the Earth formed
a new strata of man-made structures, and often man-made deposits. The scale of technogenesis in mining
today is comparable to the results of geological activity that took place over many millions of years.
Therefore, even at the early stages of studying the EGC MD, it is necessary to understand the dynamics of
changes in the EGC in order to provide preliminary protective measures.
Purpose of work. Consideration of striking examples of the dynamics of the EGC MD (from exploration to
development), in order to provide methods for managing these changes.
Methodology. The article considers the stages of obtaining engineering and geological information for
the period of MD operation, which will solve the problems of rational use of the subsoil and protection
of the geological environment.
Results. For example, the number of objects marked all the stages of learning to yoke the dynamics of their
changes, which led to the formation of engineering-geological processes that adversely affect the further
testing of MD.
Summary. The reaction of the geological environment in the development of MD is not long in coming
and is expressed in the development of large-scale engineering and geological processes, which often
do not allow further development of MD and threaten people's lives. Therefore, even at the early stages
of studying the EGC MD, it is necessary to understand the dynamics of changes in the EGC in order to
provide preliminary protective measures.

Key words: engineering-geological conditions; mineral deposits; dynamics of engineering-geological

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Received 26 May 2020

УДК 911.9 DOI: 10.21440/0536-1028-2020-7-92-102 Download

Introduction. The article evaluates the results of modern implementation of environmental and climate management systems in a gold mining organization. A SWOT analysis was carried out and recommendations were developed for adjusting and clarifying the content of the main management areas. As an information base, only public information resources and information provided by the organization in the course of interaction during educational program implementation were used  Research aim is to assess the implementation of environmental and climate management systems in the Ural gold mining industry.
Methodology. The paper analyzes and evaluates environmental and climate management systems based on the use of SWOT analysis tools and geographic assessment of spatial and temporal changes. The spatial risks of safe ecological development of the organization are systematized, taking into account the immediate geographical environment.
Results. A set of measures has been developed to correct and change the main management decisions of the environmental and climate management systems of the Ural gold mining organization.
Conclusions. A satisfactory cumulative assessment of the results of environmental and climate management systems implementation in the organization is given; a set of measures has been developed that, in general, can be used in the regional industry; critical conceptual comments were formulated on the content of the current management KPIs.
Key words: environmental management system; climate management system; Vorontsovskoye field.


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Received 10 August 2020

УДК 63.3(470.5) DOI: 10.21440/0536-1028-2020-7-110-119


Introduction. Native historiography associates the beginning of Southern Ural industrialization with the construction of first metallurgical works in the 1740s. Historians paid attention to geological exploration in the Urals in the 17th century but they had no idea about the survey areas. Historical archeological study on the edge of the town of Zlatoust in the Southern Urals has managed to find the trace of the largest geological survey expedition aimed at silver ore exploration as far back as 1669–1673. Expedition at that time represented a major military autonomous formation (regiment) under a voivode’s (Slavic title for a war-leader) command. A large number of participants was due to the need for great manpower and protection from hostile nomads
Research aim is to introduce unique discoveries in the history of mining into professional scientific use.
Methodology. When analyzing the historical material, the methods of field survey and investigation on the documents of ancient mining remains have been developed.
Results. The sequence of events has been retraced in the article, geological survey and mining areas and stages have been determined. Organizational structure, quantity, aims and results of the largest geological survey expedition in the history of Russia have been defined. Mining traces have been discovered being a unique monument to the history of mining in the 17th century.

Key words: Southern Urals; history of mining; exploration of silver; 17th century.


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Received 20 June 2020


УДК 622.23.05 DOI: 10.21440/0536-1028-2020-7-103-109


Introduction. The article considers the organization of heading and winning machines’ maintenance in the mines of the Upper Kama potash salt deposit highlighting the potential of maintenance and repair according to the actual health of mining machines.
Research methodology. The methodological foundations are presented of collecting and processing the data on Ural heading and winning machines failure statistics in the Upper Kama potash salt deposit. It is indicated that monitoring systems implemented in mining machine since 2013 made it possible to quickly track and record data on operating modes and downtime causes.
Results. Research revealed that the greatest number of Ural heading and winning machines emergency failures is due to mining technology violation, as well as untimely or poor quality repairs. Breakdowns of swing and distributing reduction gears of planetary actuators, reduction gears of berm bodies and hydraulic systems units are most common. Ural mining machines’ repair cycle is presented. Even complex current and overhauls of heading and winning machines are often carried out by miners who directly operate the machines.
Summary. Statistical data storage on failures and corresponding diagnostic parameters limit of heading and winning machines makes it possible to predict the time of equipment failure with a high degree of probability. The more standardized the potash mining machine operation and repair conditions are, the more accurate the remaining life forecast of the residual resource is.

Key words: heading and winning machine; operation; maintenance; failure statistics; potash mine.

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Received 30 June 2020

УДК 622.014.3:553.042 DOI: 10.21440/0536-1028-2020-7-5-20


Introduction. The article evaluates the importance of mineral resource potential for Russian economic security. The mining science plays crucial role in creating reliable mineral resource base and in mining development.
Research aim and relevance. The development of mining sectors in the deteriorating mining engineering conditions, which were caused by increasing depth of opencasting, the impoverishment of mined raw materials, and reserves depletion in the richest deposits required improved engineering, technology and organization of integrated development in the deep horizons of operating mining enterprises and development of low quality deposits in remote regions with poor infrastructure. In this regard, it is required to drastically revise the strategy of Russian mineral resource base development.
Methodology. Approaches to solid mineral deposits integrated development rationale were analyzed based on the principles of consistency, complexity, interdisciplinarity and innovation taking into account the transition processes in order to adapt mining engineering systems of mining enterprises to changing operating conditions.
Results. The definition is given to the strategy of deep-seated pitching deposits exploitation, taking into account the growth of geological, mining and technical, and economic information in the dynamics of mining development. The aspects of developing deposits in northern regions and in the regions considered equivalent to northern are highlighted, including complex development of territories through mineral resource centers creation.

Key words: mining; mineral raw materials; complex deposits; strategy; integrated development; methodology; transition processes.

Acknowledgements. The article was prepared based on research on the state task no. 075-01039-20-00,
topic no. 0405-2019-0005.



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