ISSN 0536-1028 (Print)              ISSN 2686-9853 (Online)  

Golik V. I., Karginov K. G., Razorenov Iu. I., Gabaraev O. Z. – North Caucasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy,
Vladikavkaz, the Russian Federation. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
The purpose of the given work is to substantiate the possibilities of strengthening the potential of depressed mining
enterprises during metals underground mining by the example of the North Caucasian region. The methodology of the
given work synthesizes theory and practice of the use of technologies, experiments on metals leaching, and economic
estimation of technologies efficiency by means of comparing mineral recovery rate factor using alternative techniques.
The article substantiates the priority of combining technologies of poor ores leaching and traditional technologies of rich
ore mining. The analysis is fulfilled of mixed technologies application underground mine for commercial ore production,
which is the first of a kind in the world practice. The basis for combining traditional and new technologies of ore recovery
is examined by means of combining technologies within the limits of a single process. The model of identifying ecological
and economic efficiency of deposits exploitation is suggested; the account of the recovered resources completeness lies
at the heart of the model. The article introduces the example of determining recurrent extraction ratio when using mixed
technologies. Results field of application includes formerly subsidized mining enterprises, which develop metal ore
deposits using underground method. Revitalization of profitable metal production at depressed mining enterprises is
possible on the basis of traditional and new leaching technologies combination.
Key words: deposit; ore; metal; mixed technology; leaching; ecological and economic efficiency; conversion.
12 «Известия вузов. Горный журнал», № 3, 2017 ISSN 0536-1028
1. Golik V. I., Vagin V. S. Problemy ispol'zovaniia prirodnykh resursov Iuzhnogo federal'nogo okruga [Problems of
natural resources utilization in the Southern Federal District]. Vladikavkaz, Proekt-press Publ., 2005. 191 p.
2. Golik V. I., Ermolenko A. A., Lazovskii V. F. Organizatsionno-ekonomicheskie problemy ispol'zovaniia prirodnykh
resursov Iuzhnogo Federal'nogo okruga [Business problems of natural resources utilization in the Southern Federal
District]. Krasnodar, SMI Publ., 2008. 323 p.
3. Golik V. I., Razorenov Iu. I., Kulikov M. M. Ekonomika i menedzhment gornoi promyshlennosti [Economy and
management of the mining industry]. Novocherkassk, Politekhnik Publ., 2010. 251 p.
4. Vorob'ev A. E., Golik V. I., Lobanov D. P. Prioritetnye puti razvitiia gornodobyvaiushchego i pererabatyvaiushchego
kompleksa Severo-Kavkazskogo regiona [Prior development trends in mining and processing complexes of the North
Caucasian region]. Vladikavkaz, Rukhs Publ., 1998. 321 p.
5. Golik V. I. [Technological diversification of a mining region]. Ustoichivoe razvitie gornykh territorii – Sustainable
Development of Mountainous Territories, 2016, no. 1, pp. 67–73. (In Russ.)
6. Golik V., Komashchenko V., Morkun V. [Innovative technologies of metal extraction from the ore processing mill
tailings and their integrated use]. Metallurgical and Mining Industry, 2015, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 49−52.
7. Golik V. I., Razorenov Iu. I., Stradanchenko S. G., Prokopov A. Iu., Maslennikov S. A. [Experimental substantiation
of ore concentration tailings mechanochemical processing parameters]. Gornyi informatsionno-analiticheskii biulleten
(nauchno-tekhnicheskii zhurnal) – Mining Informational and Analytical Bulletin (scientific and technical journal),
2012, no. 5, pp. 128–134. (In Russ.)
8. Golik V. I., Komashchenko V. I., Drebenshtedt K. K. [Mechanochemical activation of the ore аnd coal tailings in the
disintegrators]. Carsten Drebenstedt, Raj Singhal. 2013, pp. 56–61.
9. Golik V. I., Komashchenko V. I., Razorenov Y. I. [Аctivation of technogenic resources in disintegrators]. Carsten
Drebenstedt, Raj Singhal, 2013, pp. 62–72.
10. Shelkunova T. G. [Economic substantiation of out of balance ore mining] Sovremennye problemy rynochnogo
reformirovaniia ekonomiki: sb. nauchn. tr. aspirantov, soiskatelei i prepodavatelei ekon. f-ta [Collective works of
candidates, applicants and professors of the Department of Economics “Modern problems of economy market
reforming”]. Vladikavkaz, Terek Publ., 2005, pp. 45–52. (In Russ.)
11. Khetagurova T. G., Golik V. I. [Simulation of economic parameters of technogenic deposits development]. Tsvetnaia
metallurgiia – Nonferrous Metallurgy, 2000, no. 4, pp. 20–22. (In Russ.)
12. Golik V. I., Razorenov Y. I., Ignatov V. N., Khasheva Z. M., Shulgaty L. P. [The history of Russian Caucasus ore
deposit development]. Medwell Journals, The Social Sciences, 2016, no. 11(15), pp. 3742–3746.
13. Golik V. I., Rasorenov Y. I., Efremenkov A. B. [Recycling of ore mill tailings]. Applied Mechanics and Materials,
2014, vol. 682, pp. 363–368.
14. Golik V. I. [Conceptual approaches to the creation of low-waste and non-waste mining production on the basis of
combining physical-technical and physical-chemical geotechnologies]. Gornyi zhurnal – Mining Journal, 2013, no. 5,
pp. 93–97. (In Russ.)
15. Golik V. I., Hasheva Z. M., Galachieva S. V. [Diversification of the economic foundations of depressive mining
region]. Medwell Journals, The Social Sciences, 2015, no. 10(5), pp. 678–681.
16. Khasheva Z. M., Golik V. I. [The ways of recovery in economy of the depressed mining enterprises of the Russian
Caucasus]. Medwell Journals, International Business Management, 2015, no. 9(6), pp. 1209–1216.
17. Kaplunov D. R., Ryl'nikova M. V., Radchenko D. N. [Development of raw material base of mining enterprises on
the basis of complex use of deposits mineral resources]. Gornyi zhurnal – Mining Journal, 2013, no. 12, pp. 29–33.
(In Russ.)

Kardapol'tseva V. N. – The Ural State Mining University, Ekaterinburg, the Russian Federation.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Demand for highly qualified specialists with developed creativity is currently increasing; there is the perception of the fact
that creativity and self-realization depend on the quality of education. The work is devoted to the most important aspects
of higher education in modern culture. Special role of artistic and aesthetic training is noted, especially in the sphere
of jewellery, in the conditions of a technical institution of higher education. It is indicated that the appeal to the peculiarities
of jewellery culture in general and specification of specific conditions of jewellery culture development of a certain region
and any other social and cultural space in particular, contributes to strengthening of connection between a man and
natural area, and man’s rootedness into the world of nature and culture, which form worldview attitudes, and moral and
ethical components of a further specialist.

Key words: modern culture; higher education; jewellery and stonecutting industry; artist-stylist; historical and cultural

1. Kardapol'tseva V. N., Shadrina A. V. Kul'turologiia: ucheb.-metod. posobie [Study guide “Culturology”]. Ekaterinburg,
Izd-vo UrSMU Publ., 2014. 144 p.
2. Churkin V. E. [Passion comes when sales grow]. Iuvelirnaia Rossiia – Jewellery Russia, 2010, no. 5, pp. 7–8.
(In Russ.)

Khopunov E. A. – Consulting and Analytical Centre “Russian Standard”, Ekaterinburg, the Russian Federation.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
In the processes of ore dressing the problem of high energy consumption in the technologies of mineral and technogenic
disintegration is still up-to-date. Investigations, made at the variety of ores, confirmed that the work of internal forces
under disintegration just marginally transforms into a new surface, i.e. into mineral release properly. Wave techniques are
potentially innovative directions of disintegration energy cost reduction; they use the effect similar to “rheological blast”.
The work examines the results of the investigation of surface-active substances (SAS, which serve as the surface energy
reducer) influence on destruction processes of dimensionally deformed samples of various ores. As compared to the
“rheological blast”, where destruction initiators are shear deformations of volume-stressed body, the work introduces the
confirmation about the fact that SAS can cause the generation of new surfaces due to internal elastic energy collected
under volume deformation. Investigations made with the samples of titanomagnetite, ferruginous quartzite, and chromite
and rare metal ores with various SAS, confirmed the presence of the effect of spontaneous fissuring at the moment of
SAS introduction into volume deformed material. Microfractographic analysis of alternation products has showed mainly
intercrystalline rupture with minimum number of aggregates and primary revelation of ore minerals in natural size are
determined in all examined samples of ores under dimensional deformation.
Key words: ore disintegration; surface-active substances; dimensional deformation; acoustic emission; minerals revelation.
1. Khopunov E. A. Teoriia i praktika izbiratel'noi pererabotki mineral'nogo i tekhnogennogo syr'ia [Theory and practice
of selective raw material and technogenic material processing]. Moscow, Nobel Press Lennex Corp. Publ, 2014. 343 p.
2. Rebinder P. A., Shchukin E. D. [Surface phenomena in hard bodies and processes of their deformation and destruction].
Uspekhi fizicheskikh nauk – Advances in Physical Sciences, 1972, vol. 108, no. 1, pp. 3–42. (In Russ.)
3. Shchukin E. D. [Surface energy reduction and changes in mechanical properties of hard bodies under the influence of
the environment]. Fiziko-khimicheskaia mekhanika materialov – Materials Science, 1976, vol. 2, pp. 3–20. (In Russ.)
4. Latyshev O. G., Ivanova S. S., Suvorov B. I. [The influence of surface-active substances on physical properties of
rock]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Gornyi zhurnal – News of the Higher Institutions. Mining Journal, 1985,
no. 12, pp. 1–5. (In Russ.)

Vishnev V. S. – Geophysical Center of the Ural Branch of RAS, Ekaterinburg, the Russian Federation.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Interference field source model is worked out, which is created by impulse currents of electric railway traction network for
an instance where the regime of its impulse is stabilized. Methodical techniques are described, which help to single out
signals which are homogenous as far as the source structure is concerned. Mathematic formula is introduced, which
converts these signals into the values of apparent resistivity of medium. The results of experimental investigations are
examined by the example of Ekaterinburg–Tyumen railway branch section. Acquired data are compared with the results
of the other independent methods of electric prospecting and geological structure of the survey area. It has made it
possible to estimate rock resistance of the earth upper crust up to a depth of 1 km. The described method makes
it possible to get important information about geoelectrical structure of medium in unfavorable for traditional electrical
prospecting conditions.
Key words: electric railway; interference field; friendly signal; source model; apparent resistance curves.
1. Vishnev V. S. [Some characteristics of technogenic electromagnetic pulsed field of railway traction network]. Ural’skii
Geofizicheskii Vestnik – Ural Geophysical Bulletin, 2003, no. 5, pp. 16–23. (In Russ.)
2. Vishnev V. S. [Determination of apparent resistance of layered medium in the method of stray currents]. Ural’skii
Geofizicheskii Vestnik – Ural Geophysical Bulletin, 2010, no. 1(16), pp. 10–16. (In Russ.)
3. Krasnobaeva A. G., Vishnev V. S., Rudneva T. L. Geoelektricheskoe stroenie verkhnei mantii po profiliu Krasnoufimsk–
Omsk: mater. mezhdun. seminara [Proc. Int. Seminar “Geoelectric structure of upper mantle by the profile Krasnoufimsk–
Omsk”]. Praga, 1972, pp. 313–320. (In Russ.)

Lizunkin V. M., Babello V. A., Lizunkin M. V., Beidin A. V. – Transbaikal State University, Chita, the Russian
Federation. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Under subsoil development of mineral deposits there are technologies, where caved enclosing rocks, and rock fill or
broken ore may be within mined-out area (systems with shrinkage, block underground leaching). That is why it is important
to know the peculiarities of rocks deformation properties changing and their influence on stress-strained state of enclosing
massif. Under computer modeling of stress-strained state of rock massif, mathematical models use various characteristics
of rock mechanical properties. In this regard, there are increased requirements to accurately determine the indices, which
characterize these properties. One of the most important deformational characteristics of rocks is the stress-strain
modulus, which characterizes medium contractibility of crushed ore in particular. The purpose of the present work is to
determine the stress-strained modulus of uranium-bearing hard rock of various granulometric composition with the help
of stamp tests. The results of experimental investigations are introduced over the determination of stress-strained
modulus for crushed hard rock of various granulometric compositions, which should be considered when modeling
stress-strained state of rock massif.
Key words: crushed hard rock; granulometric composition; weight-average lump size of crushed hard rock; desk;
deformational properties; stress-strained modulus; stamp.
1. Liubimov N. I., Nosenko L. I. Spravochnik po fiziko-mekhanicheskim parametram gornykh porod rudnykh raionov
[Reference book on physical and mechanical parameters of rocks in ore regions]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1978. 285 p.
2. Protod'iakonov M. M., Teder R. I., Il'nitskaia E. I. and others. Raspredelenie i korreliatsiia pokazatelei fizicheskikh
svoistv gornykh porod: sprav. posobie [Reference book “Distribution and correlation of rock physical properties
indices”]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1981. 192 p.
3. Il'nitskaia E. I., Teder R. I., Vatolin E. S. and others. Svoistva gornykh porod i metody ikh opredeleniia [Rock
properties and ways of their determination]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1969. 392 p.
4. Zertsalov M. G. Mekhanika skal'nykh gruntov i skal'nykh massivov [Mechanics of rocky soils and rock massifs].
Moscow, Izd. dom Iurisprudentsiia Publ., 2003. 184 p.
5. Ziangirov R. S., Kal'bergenov R. G. [Coarse soils deformability estimation]. Inzhenernaia geologiia – Engineering
Geology, 1987, no. 3, pp. 107–118. (In Russ.)



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